Faiz Ahmad Faiz Summary:
Faiz Ahmad Faiz was born on 13 February 1911 in Sialkot, India, which is now part of Pakistan, He was a teacher, an army officer, a journalist, a trade unionist, and a broadcaster. He ‘d had a privileged childhood as the son of wealthy landowners Sultan Fatima and Sultan Muhammad Khan.
His father was a renowned lawyer and a member of an influential literary circle that included Allama Iqbal, Pakistan’s national poet. Faiz Ahmad Faiz was a progressive and Marxist poet. Faiz Ahmed Faiz was awarded with Lenin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union in 1962 and nominated for Nobel Prize in Literature.
Table of Contents:
- Married and Army Life
- Faiz Ahmad Faiz and Communism
- Plan and exile at Rawalpindi
- Fellowships and cultural appreciation
- Popular Urdu Nazm of Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Faiz ( Faiz Ahmad Faiz ) went on to study at Government College and he received a Bachelor’s degree in Arabic, followed by a master’s degree in English, from the Government College in Lahore in 1932, and later received a second master’s degree in Arabic from the Oriental College in Lahore.he also served in the British Indian Army .
Faiz’s literary work was officially recognized posthumously when he was given the highest civil prize by the Pakistani government, Nishan-e-Imtiaz , in 1990.Faiz ahmed faiz became publisher of The Pakistan Times and a member of leading Communist Party member
Faiz ‘s early poems had been traditional, light-hearted treatises on love andaesthetics, but he started extending into politics, culture, and the thematic interconnectedness he thought was central to both life and poetry in Lahore.
Faiz ahmed faiz started a teaching career at the Amritsar M.A.O. College, and then at the Lahore Hailey College of Commerce.
Married and Army Life
He married alys faiz, with whom he had two daughters, also during this time. He left teaching in 1942 to join the British Indian Army for which he was awarded a British Empire Medal for his contribution during the Second World War.
Faiz Ahmad Faiz retired from the army after India’s partition in 1947 and became the editor of The Pakistan Times, a socialist English-language newspaper.faiz ahmed faiz wife alys faiz was born in London, but she later became a naturalized citizen of Pakistan.alys faiz was a Pakistani poet, writer, journalist, human rights activist, social worker and a teacher.
On March 9, 1951, Faiz ahmad faiz was arrested under the Protection Act with a group of army officers, and charged with the failed attempted coup which became known as the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case . He was sentenced to death and was held in jail for four years before being released. Two of his books of poems, Dast-e Saba and Zindan Namah, concentrate on life in prison, which he saw as a chance to view the world in a different way.
While living in Pakistan after his release, the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto nominated Faiz ahmad faiz for his poems to the National Council of the Arts. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1963, which had previously been translated into Russian.
Faiz Ahmad Faiz settled in Karachi in 1964 and was appointed head of Abdullah Haroon College , while also serving as editor and columnist for many respected newspapers and magazines. During the 1965 war between India and Pakistan he served in an honorary capacity for the Intelligence Department And he wrote strong poems of indignation at the violence between Pakistan and India.
When Zia Ul-Haq overthrew Bhutto, however, Faiz ahmed faiz had been forced into exile in Beirut, Lebanon. He edited Lotus magazine there and started writing poems in Urdu. He lived in exile till 1982. He died in Lahore in 1984, shortly after having won a Nobel Prize nomination.
Throughout his tumultuous life, Faiz ahmad faiz has continuously written and published, becoming both India and Pakistan’s best-selling modern Urdu poet. Although his poetry is written in a relatively simple diction, his poems retain a relaxed tone of speech, generating friction between the elite and the popular, much like Ghalib ‘s style, the well-known Urdu poet of the 19th century.
Faiz ahmad faiz is especially praised for his poetry in classical Urdu styles, such as the ghazal, and for his exceptional capacity to broaden modern thematic standards to address political and social issues.
Faiz Ahmad Faiz and Communism
Faiz ahmed faiz was a well-known communist in the world and had long been affiliated with the Communist Party of Pakistan , which he and Marxist Sajjad Zaheer and Jalaludin Abdur Rahim founded in 1947.
Before the independence of the State of Pakistan, Faiz had his first exposition to socialism and communism, which he thought was consistent with his progressive thinking.
Although Faiz ahmed faiz was not a hardcore or far-left communist, he spent most of the 1950s and 1960s promoting the cause of communism in Pakistan.During the period when Faiz ahmed faiz was editor of the Pakistan Times, one of the leading newspapers of the 1950s, he lent editorial support to the party.
Faiz ahmad faiz had ties with the Soviet Union for a long time, a relationship with an atheist nation that later honoured him with a high prize.Also after his death, he was honoured by the Russian government by naming him “our poet” to many Russians. Despite their intellectual talent, Faiz and other pro-communists had little political position in the region.
Faiz ahmad faiz believed in Internationalism and emphasised the philosophy on Global village .In 1947, he became editor of the Pakistan Times and in 1948, Faiz became vice-president of the Pakistan Trade Union Federation (PTUF).
In 1950, Faiz ahmad faiz joined the delegation of Prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan, initially leading a business delegation in the United States, attending the meeting at the International Labour Organization (ILO) at San Francisco.During 1948–50, Faiz led the PTUF’s delegation in Geneva, and became an active member of World Peace Council (WPC)
He was also involved in providing support for military personnel in the circle (e.g., Major General Akbar Khan). His involvement with the party, and the coup plan of Major General Akbar Khan , led to his later imprisonment.
Plan and exile at Rawalpindi
The government’s failure to capture Indian-administered Kashmir by the Liaquat Ali Khan had frustrated Pakistan Armed Forces military leaders in 1948 including Jinnah. A writer had claimed that Jinnah had significant reservations regarding the ability of Ali Khan to guarantee Pakistan’s independence and sovereignty.
Upon returning from the USA, Ali Khan placed limits on both the Communist party and the Socialist Party of Pakistan. Although the Communist Party of East Pakistan had ultimate success in East Pakistan after the mass protest was staged to recognize Bengali as a national language.Communist party
The Muslim League had failed to thrive in West Pakistan since it was established by Jinnah. Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan then placed severe restrictions and put immense pressure on the Communist Party to ensure that it was not able to act openly as a political group.
The plot had been formulated by left-wing military officer and Major-General Akbar Khan Chief of General Staff. A clandestine conference was conducted at the home of General Akbar on 23 February 1951, attended by many Communist officers and leaders of the Communist Group, including Marxist Sajjad Zaheer and the Communist Faiz Ahmad Faiz.
General Akbar promised Faiz Ahmed Faiz and Zaheer that the Communist Party will be permitted to act like every other group as a legal democratic party and to take part in the electionsBut, according to communist Zafar Poshni , who maintained in 2011 that “no agreement was reached, the plan was disapproved, the communists were unwilling to accept the words of General and the participants were dispersed without meeting again.”
The plot was foiled though the next morning when one of the communist officers defected to the ISI revealing the motives behind the plot. When the news hit the Prime Minister, the Prime Minister issued instructions for major arrests to the military police. General Akbar was imprisoned with other Revolutionaries, including Faiz ahmad faiz , before the coup could be launched.
In a tribunal headed by branch officers of the Judge Advocate General in a military court, Faiz ahmed faiz was reported to have spent four years in Montgomery Central Jail (MCJ) ,owing to his powerful presence, the government of Liaquat Ali Khan proceeded to place him in Karachi Central Prison and Mianwali Central Jail .
The marxist Huseyn Suhravardie became his prosecution counselor.Finally, on 2 April 1955, Prime Minister Huseyn Suhrawardy commuted Faiz’s imprisonment and shortly after he departed for London, Great Britain.Faiz returned in 1958 but was again arrested by President Iskander Mirza, reportedly accusing Faiz ahmed faiz for reporting pro-communist proposals and supporting a pro-Moscow policy.
Nevertheless, Faiz ‘s term was commuted in 1960 owing to the impact of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on Ayub Khan, and he left for Moscow, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; he eventually settled in London , United Kingdom.
Fellowships and cultural appreciation
Faiz ahmad faiz was the first Asian poet to receive the Lenin Peace Prize, awarded by the Soviet Union in 1962.In 1976 he received the Lotus Prize for Literature . Shortly before his death in 1984 he was also nominated for the Lenin Prize and also given the highest civil reward by the government of Pakistan, Nishan-e-Imtiaz .
At the Lenin Peace Prize ceremony held in Moscow ‘s grand Kremlin Hall, Faiz ahmad faiz thanked the Russian government for granting the award, and gave a speech of recognition, which serves as a short preface to his Dast-i-tah-i-Sang series (Hand under the Rock).
Legacy of faiz ahmad faiz by tina saini
Faiz Ahmad Faiz… (was) like a comrade, his thoughts were soft but effective and inspired the classical singers as it did others in the plays we did… Faiz’s poetry never gets old because the problems and situations in this country have not changed. Today we sing him because of his beautiful poetry, missing out on the reasons behind his poems that had predictions…
— Tina Sani, commenting on the legacy of Faiz ahmad faiz
Popular Urdu Nazm of Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Hum Dekhenge (Urdu: ہم دیکھیں گے) is a popular Urdu nazm, written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz in 1979 and first published in 1981.Originally written as Va Yabqá Vajhu Rabbika (The face of your lord) .
It was included in the seventh poetry book of Faiz ahmed faiz — Mere Dil Mere Musafir.The poem was sung by Iqbal Bano, deliberately wearing a sari (considered by some as an Indian and unIslamic dress for Pakistani women), despite the ban on the public recitation of Faiz amhed faiz ‘s poems at that time.
faiz ahmad faiz ‘s shayari
Lazim hai ke hum bhi dekhenge
Wo din ke jis ka wada hai
Jo lauh-e-azl mein likha hai
Jab zulm-o-sitam ke koh-e-garan
Rooi ki tarah ur jaenge
Hum mehkoomon ke paaon tale
Ye dharti dhar dhar dharkegi
Aur ahl-e-hakam ke sar oopar
Jab bijli kar kar karkegi
Jab arz-e-Khuda ke kaabe se
Sab but uthwae jaenge
Hum ahl-e-safa mardood-e-harm
Masnad pe bethae jaenge
Sab taaj uchale jaenge
Sab takht girae jaenge
Bas naam rahega Allah ka
Jo ghayab bhi hai hazir bhi
Jo manzar bhi hai nazir bhi
Utthega an-al-haq ka nara
Jo mai bhi hoon tum bhi ho
Aur raaj karegi Khalq-e-Khuda
Jo mai bhi hoon aur tum bhi ho
Hum dekhenge, Lazim hai ke hum bhee dekhenge
We shall Witness
It is certain that we too, shall witness
the day that has been promised
of which has been written on the slate of eternity
When the enormous mountains of tyranny
blow away like cotton.
Under our feet- the feet of the oppressed-
when the earth will pulsate deafeningly
and on the heads of our rulers
when lightning will strike.
From the abode of God
When icons of falsehood will be taken out,
When we- the faithful- who have been barred out of sacred places
will be seated on high cushions
When the crowns will be tossed,
When the thrones will be brought down.
Only The name will survive
Who cannot be seen but is also present
Who is the spectacle and the beholder, both
I am the Truth- the cry will rise,
Which is I, as well as you
And then God’s creation will rule
Which is I, as well as you
We shall Witness
It is certain that we too, shall witness
In 1979, Faiz Ahmed Faiz fled Pakistan after hearing of the reports that the assassination of Bhutto had taken place. Faiz took shelter in Beirut, Lebanon, where he published the Soviet-sponsored journal Lotus but returned to Pakistan in ill health following the outbreak of the Lebanon War in 1982.
In 1984, Faiz amhad faiz died in Lahore, Punjab Province, soon after learning that he had been recommended for the Nobel Prize in Literature.