Nagarjuna | Poetry | Nagarjuna Poet | Indu Jee Kyaa Huaa Aapako

Vaidyanath Mishra, popularly known as Nagarjuna was born in Tarauni, a district in Darbhanga in the state of Bihar on 30th June 1911. He was a popular poet and mostly preferred Maithili, his mother-tongue, and Hindi, the national language of India. Nagarjuna was a traveller and believed in writing about the situations he had an encounter. Owing to his nature, he was also named Janakavi, which means People’s Poet, in Hindi. Apart from being a poet, he was one of the great novelists of his time. He has also proved his skills in story writing.

Table of content:

•            Early life

•            Education and career

•            Awards

•            One of his popular poetries

•            Death

Early life:

He belonged to an orthodox Brahmin family. His mother died at an early age and his father Gokul Mishra, being a vagabond himself, couldn’t support him much. Young Vaidyanath used to stay in a small village of Satlakha, in the Madhubani district of Bihar, and spent most of his time there. Satlaka was the town from where his mother belonged. Staying in between his relatives had helped young Nagarjuna to achieve scholarships and to pursue his dreams. Vaidyanath Mishra adopted Buddhism in his later life and opted for his pen name, Nagarjuna.

Education and career:

Nagarjuna mastered many languages, including Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit languages, Maithili being his mother tongue. Nagarjuna took his baby steps towards success with the pen name Yatri and used to write in the Maithili language in the early 1930s. He accepted a job in Saharanpur, a district in Uttar Pradesh, as a full-time teacher. His urge to know more about Buddhist culture and literature took him to a Buddhist monastery in Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, where he also showed interest in ideologies of Leninism-Marxism.

Being a vagabond, he used to travel pan India and this has helped him a lot in understanding diverse cultures. He used to participate in many mass movements during the time of Indian Independence and was jailed quite a few times.

His famous works include his poem, Badalon ko ghirtedekhahai, Mantra Kavita, Aao Rani Hum Dhoenge Palki, etc. Owing to his nature of travelling and observing things, his poetries mostly reflected social and political issues. He used to find beauty in everything. His creation, Paine daantwali, is his most loved poem.


Nagarjuna is a recipient of many awards, including the Sahitya Academy Award for his work, PatarheenNagnaGach in 1969. He has also received Bharat Bharati Award for his creativity by Uttar Pradesh Government. Apart from awards, he has also received a fellowship from Sahitya Academy.

Nagarjuna is one of the legends in Hindi literature and his poetry and a true epitome of genius.

One of his famous poetries:

Badalon ko ghirtedekhahai.

अमल धवल गिरि के शिखरों पर,

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

छोटे-छोट मोती जैसे

उसके शीतल तुहिन कणों को,

मानसरोवर के उन स्वर्णिम

कमलों पर गिरते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

तुंग हिमालय के कंधों पर

छोटी-बङी कई झीलें हैं,

उनके श्यामल नील सलिल में

समतल देशों से आ-आकर

पावस की ऊमस से आकुल

तिक्त-मधुर विसतंतु खोजते

हंसों को तिरते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

ऋतु वसंत का सुप्रभात था

मंद-मंद था अनिल वह रहा

बालारुण की मृदु किरणें थीं

अगल-बगल स्वर्णिम शिखर थे

एक-दूसरे से विरहित हो

अलग-अलग रहकर ही जिनको

सारी रात बितानी होती,

निशा काल से चिर-अभिशापित

बेबस उस चकवा-चकई का

बंद हुआ क्रंदन, फिर उनमें

उस महान सरवर के तीरे

शैवालों की हरी दरी पर

प्रणय-कलह छिङते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

दुर्गम बरफानी घाटी में

शत-सहस्त्र फुट ऊँचाई पर

अलख नाभि से उठने वाले

निज के ही उन्मादक परिमल-

के पीछे धावित हो-होकर

तरल तरुण कस्तूरी मृग को

अपने पर चिढ़ते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

कहाँ गया धनपति कुबेर वह

कहाँ गई उसकी वह अलका

नहीं ठिकाना कालिदास के

व्योम-प्रवाही गंगाजल का,

ढूँढा बहुत परंतु लगा क्या

मेघदूत का पता कहीं पर,

कौन बताए वह छायामय

बरस पङा होगा न यहीं पर,

जाने दो, वह कवि कल्पित था,

मैंने तो भीषण जाङों में

नभ-चुंबी कैलाश शीर्ष पर,

महामेघ को झंझानिल से

गरज-गरज भिङते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।

शत-शत निर्झर-निर्झरणी-कल

मुखरित देवदारु कानन में,

शोणित धवल भोज पत्रों से

छाई हुई कुटी के भीतर,

रंग-बिरंगे और सुगंधित

फूलों से कुंतल को साजे,

इंद्रनील की माला डाले,

शंख-सरीखे सुघढ़ गलों में,

कानों में कुवलय लटकाए,

शतदल लाल कमल वेणी में,

रजत-रचित मणि-खचित कलामय

पान पात्र द्राक्षासव पूरित

रखे सामने अपने-अपने

लोहित चंदन की त्रिपदी पर,

नरम निदाग बाल-कस्तूरी

मृगछालों पर पलथी मारे

मदिरारुण आँखोंवाले उन

उन्मद किन्नर-किन्नरियों की

मदिरारुण आँखोंवाले उन

उन्मद किन्नर-किन्नरियों की

मृदुल मनोरम अँगुलियों को वंशी पर फिरते देखा है।

बादल को घिरते देखा है।


The poet is explaining the beauty of the cloud surrounding the white peak of the snow-covered Himalayas. The peak seems white because it is snow-laden, and the Sun rays are falling on to the peak, making it glitter. The sight of cloud covering the peak is rare and beautiful. The little dew drops seem like small pearls falling at the seemingly golden lotus of the Mansarovar river, which is very soothing to the eyes. Those lotuses become eye-catching and enchanting. Poet is describing his beautiful encounter with these scenes to his heart’s content.

Poet is describing the beauty of Swan floating in the lakes of such a hilly area where the clouds cover the snow-peaked mountains. The lakes which are present amidst the high crest and low troughs of the mountain range have their own beauty. The water which flows into these lakes is pure, blue, and soothing. The swans which were unhappy with the heat of summers, and suffocation, are seen floating. These Swans comes to these lakes with a wish to taste the sweet-sour lotus grown in the pure bliss of the Himalayas.

It was in the season of Spring when the morning was shining bright, the slow breeze was mesmerizing the viewer, the sweet sun-rays were falling on the peak. The poet has encountered the love of Chakwa and Chakai (species of mountain birds). These birds were cursed not to see each other at night.

The poet is describing the beauty of a young musk deer which he encountered at the height of a snow-covered valley. The young deer was running in search of a sweet smell which he could sense, denying the fact that the sweet smell was coming from himself, his navel. He runs across the valley in search of the smell producing thing, but could not find it. The poet is describing the beautiful scene of innocence under the clouds of snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas.

The snowy peak of the Himalayas is mesmerizing. The poet has compared the beauty of the place with the treasure of Kubera (The lord of wealth according to Hindu mythology). The poet speaks about the enchanting beauty of the place in cold winter days.

The forest type of Himalayas is coniferous and the most common tree here is cedar. Owing to the dense nature of the forest, there are sounds resonating inside. There are huts of people living there, beautifully decorated with their sacred art. They remain naturally beautiful and use aromatic flowers to uplift themselves. They use blue lotus on their hair, they have redness on their face, and in their eyes. The poet is truly enchanted with the beauty of that place.


Nagarjuna was jailed for months for his participation in many mass-awakening movements. He did not find his backup in politics and mostly did not engage in such conversations. Nagarjuna died at an age of 87, in Darbhanga.  His death was a loss to Hindi literature. His contributions are and will be highly appreciated.

Written by Ashu Mishra

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